1 Peter 1:18-21 (NLT)
For you know that God paid a ransom to save you (redeemed you) from the empty life you inherited from your ancestors. And the ransom he paid was not mere gold or silver. 19 It was the precious blood of Christ, the sinless, spotless Lamb of God. 20 God chose him as your ransom long before the world began, but he has now revealed him to you in these last days. 21 Through Christ you have come to trust in God. And you have placed your faith and hope in God because he raised Christ from the dead and gave him great glory.
V18, In the Bible, to redeem someone usually means to rescue them from some bad situation (e.g., Israel from Egyptian bondage [Ex 6:6; 15:15], the psalmist from the threat of death [Ps 26:11] or from enemies [Ps 31:5]). Often this comes at a cost to the one who redeems. In the Greco-Roman world slaves could be redeemed by the payment of a price, either by someone else or by the slaves themselves. Jesus redeems believers (see Ro 3:24; Titus 2:14) at the cost of his blood (see v. 19; Eph 1:7; Rev 5:9), i.e., his death (see Mt 20:28; Heb 9:5; cf. Gal 3:13). The result is the “forgiveness of sins” (Col 1:14) and justification (see Ro 3:24).
Some maintain that the recipients must have been pagans because the NT stresses the emptiness of pagan life (see Ro 1:21; Eph 4:17). Others think they were Jews since Jews were traditionalists who stressed the influence of the father as teacher in the home. In the light of the context of the whole letter, probably both Jews and Gentiles are addressed.
V18–19, Believers were ransomed by Christ’s precious blood. “Ransom” recalls Israel’s deliverance from Egypt (Deut. 7:8; 9:26; 15:15; 24:18), which in turn points to the greater deliverance accomplished by Jesus Christ.
Believers are delivered from a life of futility and meaninglessness to one of great significance. you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your forefathers. Christ’s sacrifice breaks the inevitability and power of “generational sin,” the idea that the sins of parents and grandparents are often repeated in later generations (cf. Ex. 20:5–6). Christ’s sacrifice is compared to a lamb without blemish or spot. The references to “lamb” and “blood” point to the OT sacrifices and especially to Christ as the Passover Lamb (Exodus 12) and the servant of the Lord (cf. “lamb,” Isa. 53:7). As the perfect sacrifice, Christ atoned for the sins of the unrighteous (cf. John 1:29; 1 Pet. 3:18).
Before their conversion, the Jews were not much different from the rest of the world. Their talk and walk were as empty and trivial as that of men around them. Their unconverted days are described as your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers. But they had been ransomed from that futile existence by a tremendous transaction. They had been rescued from the slavery of world-conformity by the payment of an infinite ransom.
V19, No, it was with the precious blood of Christ —like the blood of a perfect, unblemished lamb. Christ is a lamb without blemish or spot, that is, He is absolutely perfect, inwardly and outwardly. If a believer is ever tempted to return to worldly pleasures and amusements, to adopt worldly modes and patterns, to become like the world in its false ways, he should remember that Christ shed His blood to deliver him from that kind of life. To go back to the world is to recross the great gulf that was bridged for us at staggering cost. But even more—it is positive disloyalty to the Savior.
“Reason back from the greatness of the sacrifice to the greatness of the sin. Then determine to be done forever with that which cost God’s Son His life.”
V21, The Father indicated His complete satisfaction with Christ’s redeeming work by raising Him out from among the dead ones and honoring Him with the place of highest glory in heaven. The result of all this is that our faith and hope are in God. It is in Him, not in the present evil world system, that we live and move and have our being.
Messanic Prophecies Jesus Fulfilled
Messiah would be praised by little children
Psa 8:2 (ESV)
Out of the mouth of babies and infants, you have established strength because of your foes, to still the enemy and the avenger.
Mat 21:15-16 (ESV)
But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying out in the temple, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” they were indignant, 16 and they said to him, “Do you hear what these are saying?” And Jesus said to them, “Yes; have you never read, “‘Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babies you have prepared praise’?”