Hebrews 3:1-6 (NLT)
Jesus Is Greater Than Moses
1 And so, dear brothers and sisters who belong to God and are partners with those called to heaven, think carefully about this Jesus whom we declare to be God’s messenger and High Priest. 2 For he was faithful to God, who appointed him, just as Moses served faithfully when he was entrusted with God’s entire house. 3 But Jesus deserves far more glory than Moses, just as a person who builds a house deserves more praise than the house itself. 4 For every house has a builder, but the one who built everything is God. 5 Moses was certainly faithful in God’s house as a servant. His work was an illustration of the truths God would reveal later. 6 But Christ, as the Son, is in charge of God’s entire house. And we are God’s house, if we keep our courage and remain confident in our hope in Christ.
V1, Moses was one of Israel’s greatest national heroes. Therefore the writer’s strategy is to demonstrate Christ’s infinite superiority to Moses.
The message is addressed to holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling. All true believers are holy as to their position, and they should be holy as to their practice. In Christ they are holy; in themselves they ought to be holy.
Their heavenly calling is in contrast to the earthly call of Israel. Old Testament saints were called to material blessings in the land of promise (though they did have a heavenly hope as well). In the Church Age, believers are equally called to material blessings, but also to spiritual blessings in the heavenlies now and to a heavenly inheritance in the future.
“Think carefully about or consider Jesus.” He is eminently worthy of our consideration as the Apostle and High Priest of our confession. In confessing Him as Apostle, we mean that He represents God to us. In confessing Him as High Priest, we mean that He represents us before God.
V2, There is one aspect in which He was admittedly similar to Moses. He was faithful to God, just as Moses also was faithful in God’s house. The house here does not mean only the tabernacle but also the entire sphere in which Moses represented God’s interests. It is the house of Israel, God’s ancient earthly people.
V3, But there the similarity ends. In every other respect there is undisputed superiority. First the Lord Jesus is worthy of more glory than Moses because the builder of a house has more honor than the house itself. The Lord Jesus was the Builder of God’s house; Moses was only a part of the house.
V4, Second, Jesus is greater because He is God. Every house must have a builder. The One who built all things is God. From John 1:3, Colossians 1:16, and Hebrews 1:2, 10, we learn the Lord Jesus was the active Agent in creation. The conclusion is unavoidable—Jesus Christ is God.
V5, The third point is that Christ is greater as a Son. Moses was a faithful … servant in all God’s house (Num. 12:7), pointing men forward to the coming Messiah. He testified of those things which would be spoken afterward, that is, the good news of salvation in Christ. That is why Jesus said on one occasion, “If you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about Me” (John 5:46). In His discourse with the disciples on the road to Emmaus, Jesus began at Moses and all the prophets, and “expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself” (Luke 24:27).
V6, Here the writer explains what is meant by “God’s house today”. It is composed of all true believers in the Lord Jesus: whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end. At first this might seem to imply that our salvation is dependent on our holding fast. In that case, salvation would be by our endurance rather than by Christ’s finished work on the cross. The true meaning is that we prove we are God’s house if we hold fast. Endurance is a proof of reality. Those who lose confidence in Christ and in His promises and return to rituals and ceremonies show that they were never born again and or have been severely deceived and duped by the enemy of faith – the devil. It is against such apostasy that this warning is directed.
What a great Saviour we have. The more we learn about Him the greater our love and respect for Him grows. All He accomplished, the life He lived, the death He died, He did for you and I. I don’t know about you, but it certainly causes me to desire to live uprightly before Him.